Si terrà martedì 14 giugno alle ore 15:30 l’ultimo seminario del ciclo “Weather and Climate: From Fundamentals to Applications”.
Titolo del seminario è “How Do Ocean Temperature Anomalies Favor or Disfavor the Aggregation of Deep Convective Clouds?“, e sarà tenuto da Caroline Muller, Assistant Professor all’Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologia (ISTA) di Klosterneuburg, in Austria.
Maggiori informazioni sull’iniziativa, così come il modulo di pre-registrazione Zoom ed il programma completo possono essere trovati a questo link.
Convective organization at mesoscales (hundreds of kilometres) is
ubiquitous in the tropics, but the physical processes behind it are
still poorly understood. Organization can be forced by the large scales,
such as surface temperature gradients. But convective organization can
also arise from internal feedbacks, such as "self-aggregation"
feedbacks. Self-aggregation refers to the spectacular ability of deep
clouds to spontaneously cluster in space despite spatially homogeneous
conditions and no large-scale forcing, in high-resolution
cloud-resolving models (CRMs).Because of the idealized settings in which
self-aggregation has been studied (typically radiative-convective
equilibrium (RCE) over homogeneous sea-surface temperature (SST)), its
relevance to the real tropics is debated. In this presentation, we will
investigate the impact of removing some of these idealizations on the
aggregation process. Specifically, we will investigate the impact of
inhomogeneous SSTs on convective aggregation.
In a first step, we will investigate how an idealized warm circular SST
anomaly, referred to as "hot-spot", helps organize convection, and how
self-aggregation feedbacks modulate this organization. The presence of a
hot-spot significantly accelerates aggregation, particularly for larger
domains and warmer/larger hot-spots, and extends the range of SSTs for
which aggregation occurs. In that case, the aggregation onset results
from a large-scale circulation induced by the hot-spot. In a second
step, we will investigate the interaction of aggregation with an
interactive surface (local SST evolving according to the surface energy
budget). The results will be interpreted in light of a simple model for
the boundary layer circulation.